Pediatric Neurosurgery is an advanced sub-specialty of neurosurgery; that involves mainly surgical procedures designed to treat children with neurological disorders, especially those having an abnormality in their central nervous systems or in the parts of the brain responsible for coordinating external stimuli. In order to qualify as a pediatric neurosurgeon, the patient must have attained the age of four years. The pre-surgical assessment is the first step in determining the neurological abnormalities of the child under consideration, including assessing head size, facial appearance, hearing and vision status. Based on the findings of the pre-operative and post-operative neurological examinations, orthopedic surgeons evaluate the surgical plan of action and other complications of the disorder in order to plan the intervention for the patient. Before performing any operation involving the nervous system of a child, pediatric neurosurgeons undertake detailed neurological assessments of the child and perform specialized tests designed to diagnose any neurological problems associated with the child’s body. Normally pediatric neurosurgeons perform these tests neurologist during routine office visits, when the child is lying down, standing, walking or playing.
The most common pediatric neurosurgery techniques include cranial bypass, cerebrospinal fluid injection and implantation neuroplates. Usually the procedure is done in an outpatient facility, though some surgeons resort to a hospital setting when more complicated cases have to be attended. The neurological examination of a child before any operation is done will help the physician to determine the type of surgical intervention required for a child. As previously mentioned, pediatric neurosurgeons also conduct a diagnostic series using specialized imaging techniques to assess the overall health of the child’s nervous system.
The neurological system plays a critical role in the proper operation of many organs in the body; hence it is imperative that a pediatric neurosurgeon is able to evaluate the health of the child’s nervous system before performing any operation. Moreover, the pediatric neurosurgeon has to be able to judge how complicated a child’s ailments are, and what procedures will be most suitable for him or her. A pediatric neurosurgeon also helps to protect a child’s overall health by administering drugs that can prevent certain diseases. Thus, a pediatric neurosurgeon is very important in any pediatricians’ practice.